Recent advancements in GIS (geographic information) technology have enabled scientists to launch an exciting range of devices that have streamlined aircraft operations. The aviation industry has embraced these remote-sensing tools. From helping airport authorities in establishing the perfect height for the aircraft operations to showing the best route to the destination, the GIS tools have made the lives of pilots and airport crew a lot easier.
We have seen the growing popularity of roadmaps in the past few years. People can travel the world by road with the help of these advanced navigation tools. Like roadmaps, the aeronautical chart is a GIS-based navigation tool that helps aircraft navigation. The tool is primarily used for finding the most suitable and safe routes in the air. It makes aircraft operations smoother and safer. Using the aeronautical charts, the aircraft crew and pilots find it easier to navigate the routes. In addition, the chart shows alternative areas for landing an aircraft in case of an emergency. It shows the current position of the aircraft and a safe altitude. Aeronautical charts are also used for other helpful information, like airspace boundaries and radio frequencies.
How do Aeronautical Charts Help With Navigation?
These charts can be confined to a particular airport facility or show the global navigation map, covering each nation and the best routes. The charts covering a small area have a more detailed map, giving you a clear picture of the obstacles, altitudes, and other factors. That’s how the pilots navigate the routes in the air.
When an aircraft takes off, there is no way for a pilot to track the right route on the ground. That’s where the aeronautical charts come in handy. The pilots use external navigation to help them find the most appropriate route to the desired destination. The term “aeronautical charts” is used for nearly all aircraft maps used for navigation purposes. The only requirement is that these maps must provide some form of navigation services in order to be considered helpful in smooth aircraft operations.
The Role of Aeronautical Charts in Aircraft Operation
These charts provide important information about aircraft, including hazards and obstacles that might interfere with the flight operation, airspace, air traffic, airport facility, and not to mention navigation routes. The United States has nine aeronautical charts, but all of them are used for instrument flying applications. An aeronautical chart is designed to help pilots navigate their route in the air. These are most commonly used for small to medium aircraft. An aeronautical chart comes in handy for long-distance flying.
They can also be used for managing airport operations. World aeronautical charts are great for those traveling long distances, as these charts cover the large sections in one place. The only downside is that they lose important details. In fact, most of the sectional and terminal details are lost. The charts, however, cover the main roads, cities, towns, restricted areas, and other regions important for navigation. It is important that airport facilities choose an aeronautical chart that fits their flying needs.