Noise generated from the aircraft has a detrimental impact on the lives of people living close to the airport. Not only does it cause sleep disturbances, but this unwanted sound can lead to cardiovascular health conditions and other medical problems in people. In addition, aircraft noise has become a major concern for the aviation industry because of its adverse effects on land resources.
It doesn’t only affect people’s health, but the unwanted sound produced by different aircraft has imposed many problems in the expansion and further development of the aviation industry. It has limited the expansion of airports. The airport has started receiving several complaints about its poor noise monitoring and management systems. The noise affects children, especially those living near airports. They are having trouble concentrating on their studies because of the noise.
These complaints focus on the aircraft that produce louder than usual noise. It may not seem that big of a deal to people who don’t travel frequently or live near the airports, but those who travel for business frequently and stay at the hotels close to the airport know the struggle of concentrating. The constant loud noise of the aircraft operations can take a toll on people’s hearing ability, as well as their cardiovascular health. It also affects their physical health since the noise can disrupt their sleep. Noise could also affect the air traffic growth in some regions, while in other areas, it may affect the airport’s expansion projects.
Noise Pollution due to Airport Sound Exposure
Owing to the adverse impacts of noise pollution, a tool that could help assess the damage caused by airport sound exposure to the general public and the aviation industry was needed. GIS serves as an all-in-one technology that gives the airport authorities a clear picture of the sound produced by different aircraft and the level of damage it does to the land and lives.
Once you have identified the level of noise, it is easier to come up with effective strategies to reduce noise pollution or eliminate it altogether. The main purpose of the GIS tools and other remote-sensing operations is to deploy noise control strategies that offer maximum environmental benefit. Once the noise control measures are implemented, the aviation industry can focus on airport expansion projects.
Uses of GIS in Airport Monitoring and Management
The uses of GIS in the aviation industry are not limited to assessing the airport sound exposure and its effects on the general public and the land. The technology has become an ideal solution for executing a vast array of aviation monitoring and management operations. Airport crew and pilots have been using the technology extensively for navigation purposes. They have been able to identify the most appropriate route to the target destination with the help of remote-sensing tools. In addition to that, the commercial building projects around the airport that involve high-rise buildings are assessed using geo-spatial technology to understand the risks. Nearly all projects are monitored using these tools to prevent risks associated with aircraft operations.