Archaeological Survey: The Role of GIS in Preserving Archaeological Data

Locating the excavation sites is one of the biggest challenges the archaeologists are highly likely to face during the construction and excavation processes. It is pretty natural for archaeologists to experience a wide range of challenges when it comes to conducting an archaeological survey, which is where the GIS comes into the picture.

The geographical information system has proven a reliable technology that helps people conduct an archaeological survey in the most efficient and reliable way. GIS has been used as a crucial element in the archaeology industry since the 1990s. There is no denying that archaeologists happen to be the early adopters of this remote sensing technology and they have also made the best use of it to date.

Archaeology and GIS – The Connection

Archaeology and GIS also make a perfect match since both involve the study of spatial dimensions and ancient discovery. With the help of the GIS-powered tools, it has gotten a whole lot easier for archaeologists and researchers to conduct archaeological surveys, learn more about the history of the ancient structures, collect data about the excavation sites, and analyze a considerable amount of data so it can be used for the future construction and excavation procedures.

The study of archaeology is all about gathering geographical data and revealing historical events and locations. So, it goes without saying that archaeological study focuses fully on spatial information. Coming to the GIS, this technology is used for processing the data that dates back to hundreds of years ago, especially when it is related to geography-based subjects.

The main purpose of using GIS tools in the industry is to make data easily accessible and useful for people. These tools are, undeniably, the fastest, efficient, and accurate. The remote sensing tools are used for the data collection, for analyzing a large volume of data, for the storage of this information, and of course, for displaying this data to the public so that it is easily understandable. GIS has the ability to combine different types of data and merge them to create useful and reliable information.

Applications of GIS in the Archaeology Industry

However, the applications of GIS go beyond the collection and processing of data. It has become more of a technical tool that offers information about space and has changed the way scientists think about space. Archaeological surveys are quite important for preserving the data and for documentation. The GIS has made this research quite efficient.

GIS tools are employed in the archeological industry to avoid the loss of information and ensure that the data that might impact the archeological sites, as well as, construction processes is preserved. The tools ensure the protection of the resources used throughout the data acquisition and maintenance. It lets you access information about historical sites and archaeological projects in the most efficient and reliable way.

Most archeologists use the technology at the construction sites, as it makes it easier for the researchers to record data at the time of excavation.