Antarctica has been explored by scientists and researchers for decades. Even though Antarctica is big and quite a bit difficult to explore fully, a vast majority of the ocean is covered in ice. Covering a vast area of approx 6.5 million square miles, around 90% of the water is contained within the ice sheet. Less than 1% of the area is ice-free. In addition to the ice sheet, Antarctica is known for being home to the world’s most beautiful and largest mountain ranges.
As mentioned above, a majority portion of the land in Antarctica has not been explored fully yet. Scientists are supposed to explore the region in order to collect a better idea of how exactly these oceans affect the weather and temperature in the rest of the world. It is believed that the changes in the ocean structure and water flow have a significant impact on the weather. COMNAP happens to be an international association that was launched back in 1988, as a group that supports and assists all the researchers, environmentalists, scientists, and other communities exploring arctic and antarctic oceans. These are the government's national antarctic programs that have the responsibility of providing scientific research.
COMNAP (Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs) promotes a broad range of COMNAP projects and the public that offers the best advice to the Antarctic community. It has been 34 years since the community started and since then they have been serving all the researchers and scientists performing in-depth research on the Antarctic Ocean and the surrounding areas.
The Role of COMNAP in Antarctic Research
Ever since GIS launched, it has changed world architecture, space, agriculture, and other fields. One such application of the geographic information system is the research on Antarctica. The main goal of the Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs is to identify key issues in research and difficulties researchers have been experiencing. They also conduct regular workshops to educate people about the Antarctic ocean, marine life, species of fish, the weather around the area, land covered with ice, the thickness of the ice, and other such factors.
People who have joined COMNAP have expertise in a variety of areas related to the Antarctic ocean. This includes science facilitation, environmental management, health & safety, and other crucial elements. Not only have they helped scientists in Antarctic research, but the community has contributed to the production of a broad range of books, games, brochures, booklets, and other materials that educate people about the Antarctic ocean. Some of these books are solely designed to offer guidance to the members regarding environmental concepts, such as waste management, preservation of marine life, and so on. In fact, a recent publication of the group celebrated the 25th anniversary of the Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs.
The goal of COMNAP is to promote research around antarctic oceans with the help of GIS and remote-sensing tools. They have introduced many booklets that explain the details of this ocean and its structure.