As the name suggests, crop forecasting refers to the technology of predicting the output and harvest quantity of crops before the crops are actually harvested. In other words, it refers to the prediction of the output you can generate from the field before planting the crops. For this prediction to be accurate, a few important factors that affect crop yield and production need to be taken into consideration.
For example, the farmer is supposed to consider the weather, temperature, climate, and other important factors to get a better understanding of crop production and how it affects soil quality. Not only does accurate crop forecasting improve the economy, but it is important for food security and national and international trade as well. Getting a better idea of the total production the farmer can expect by the end of the year or at the time of harvest can help them plan their production ahead of time.
How does Crop Forecasting help with Future Production?
Now, it is not only the weather affecting the crop quality and production, but the pests and fertilizer use can also have a significant impact on your total yield. Accurate forecast, therefore, enables proper planning in an industry full of uncertainties. Farmers need an organized forecasting model that can help them predict the crop growth, quality, and quantity in the most precise manner, instead of giving random numbers.
That’s where the GIS (geographic information system) comes into the picture. The technology involves a set of remote sensors installed on the satellites as well as agricultural equipment, generating a detailed view of the agricultural field. It gives you a clear picture of the land, thus allowing you to cultivate your crops accordingly. It also helps with the planning and management of the land.
The Use of GIS in the Crop Planting and Production Industry
GIS can help predict the weather, which affects crop growth at different intervals. Accurate forecasting of the weather can significantly improve your crop productivity and quality since it gives you enough time to decide which crops to cultivate in which field or which irrigation method is the most suitable for the particular land. These variables are quite important in not only the production but for the overall management of the land.
Forecasting also acts as an indicator of crop production, food security, and other crucial factors. In addition to helping farmers plan their production and harvesting in advance, GIS plays a pivotal role in making important data that dates back to the previous decades available for the farmers. Based on the cultivation techniques used in the 90s or 80s or the crop production in the particular land, you can get more insights into the suitability of the plant growth. It also suggests which technique is the best for irrigation, crop planting, and harvesting.
This is how GIS can help improve your crop production and harvesting. Hope it helped you learn more about crop forecasting and its impacts on your crop productivity.