Cultural Heritage Inventory: How does GIS Help in Analyzing and Conserving Cultural Heritage Site?

Since GIS and remote sensing technology was launched, it has been in high demand in nearly every industry that needs ancient data. One such area that has seen a constant demand for a geographical information system is archeology sites. GIS has become one of the prominent systems for all types of—basic to advanced—archeological research. The technology is also used in cultural heritage monitoring. Thanks to its ability to give you insights into the fields where you can’t access finance easily.

It is important to record the current state of the architectural monuments to detect the activities that might lead to the damages of these monuments and cause long-term deterioration. That’s where the GIS comes into the picture. Not only does the technology protect the current monuments and document the information about these structures, but it gives you insights into the ancient structures that were built in pre-historic times. The main role of GIS in cultural heritage inventory is to evaluate the values, potential hazards, and more about archeology. This improves decision-making and in executing preservation planning. It is used for monitoring cultural heritage effectively.

Four Crucial Steps of the Cultural Heritage Inventory Plan Management with GIS

Basically, the cultural heritage inventory management plan with GIS is divided into four types. Each step helps in identifying the heritage sites and making decisions based on the data collected by remote sensing applications.

The first step includes research, in which the archaeologists use geographical information systems for physical and historical site documentation. The second step is an analysis where researchers analyze the social and cultural significance of the site while assessing its physical condition. Next, they use GIS for preparing site management strategies. At last, they monitor these management policies to get insights into how the plan is working.

From the above-mentioned steps, one thing is clear—remote sensing applications and other GIS tools play an integral part in identifying archeology sites that date back to prehistoric times, evaluating these ancient monuments, and making necessary management plans for the conservation of these sites. All in all, GIS is used for managing cultural heritage inventory within a specific area.

How does it Work?

The technology is widely used for analyzing the physical condition of these monuments, such as churches and heritage sites that have a strong cultural significance and were built centuries ago. It includes the sites that are still standing intact after hundreds of years, as well as, monuments that were built a few decades ago.

GIS has been already implemented in the management of historical sites. The research regarding its potential applications and how the technology can be used for the conservation of archeological structures is still going on. GIS gives you insights into the historical data about the monuments in the given site. It tells us more about the history of the region, giving critical information that can affect decision-making. Thanks to the remote sensing applications that we are able to identify historical monuments easily.