Drainage Ditches and GIS for Agricultural Industry

Abhijeet Modi/ November 10, 2021/ Blog

Drainage ditches are often referred to as underground gutters that are known for providing a large space for the water to drain from the particular space. These are built in areas where a significant volume of water is highly likely to be collected over time and need draining to avoid excess accumulation of water on the surface.

The drainage ditches are most commonly found on the agricultural field where these are used to promote proper water drainage for plant irrigation and crop growth. These drains prevent the excess water from accumulating on the agricultural field, thus protecting the area and crops from damages due to the lack of a drainage system.

What are Drainage Ditches? What do they Do?

In addition to the roads, drainage ditches are built in the agricultural fields in order to remove the excess groundwater from the surface. These ditches promote crop growth in poorly managed agricultural spaces. Not only does the drainage ditch promote proper flow of the underground water, but these are commonly used for addressing the non-point source pollution issues in the agricultural industry.

The proper knowledge and right implementation of the drainage ditches have proven to help farmers in locating the problems associated with pollution and addressing other crop growth concerns effectively. Most importantly, this system promotes the healthy growth of crops and better output. The drainage ditches have also proven quite an effective solution for managing pesticides and nutrient loads on the agricultural field.

Though these drainage ditches are mostly found in all the low-lying areas where a robust system for proper water flow is needed, their applications are mostly in the agricultural industry. As mentioned earlier, a drainage ditch is constructed to prevent soil erosion or excess water collection on the surface. In addition, the technique helps farmers control the agricultural pollution caused by the non-source point pollutants. It is often seen as the low-cost alternative used for managing natural resources and addressing pollutants efficiently.

What is the Role of GIS in the Drainage Ditches?

The remote sensor technology of the GIS helps farmers identify the best place for drainage and the requirement for drainage ditches in the agricultural field. While drainage ditches are the most commonly used practice in the agricultural industry for managing pollutants and increasing productivity, drainage is also the reason responsible for the poor water quality downstream.

The better root aeration from the drainage ditches has proven an ultimate way to increase crop productivity and ensure better management of the land resources. Thanks to the GIS (geographic information system). It has now become possible to identify the best place for drainage ditches and improve land productivity.

As we have mentioned earlier, drainage ditches are a must for any agricultural space since they help regulate the water flow and prevent water from accumulating on the surface and destroying crop productivity. In addition to that, these drainage ditches can identify the non-source pollutants that might damage crop productivity and affect production in the long run.

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