Exploring the water animals in Antarctic oceans has been one of the main goals of researchers that are analyzing Antarctica. Traditional tools prove unreliable in helping you identify the species of water animals, especially fishes in the oceans. That’s mainly because of the depth of the ocean, as well as the temperature, which is too difficult to be understood. That’s why researchers have embraced GIS—the most robust and effective tool in the assessment and management of fisheries.
The biggest advantage of using GIS for exploring marine life is that it makes it possible for people to add new data to the system. The more data added to the system, the more information will be available to the public via the internet. The combination of GIS and internet technology makes it possible for researchers to conduct in-depth research on the Antarctic ocean and the fish species present in the sea. Not only does the tool help in identifying the type and species of fish present in these vast oceans, but it is an ideal tool for specialists who want to identify the locations of these species and more details.
Understanding Different Fish Species
The largest number of fishes are found in the southern area of the Antarctic ocean. This includes the oceans in South America, New Zealand, and Antarctica. The specialty of these fish species is that the fishes observed in the Antarctic Ocean are found nowhere else in the entire world, which makes it even more intriguing for researchers to explore the latest species of fishes in southern Antarctica. Fishes in the area are grouped together on the basis of the traits they share in common. A vast majority of the fish species share the same traits as those found in their ancestors. Basically, the animals in the Antarctic Ocean and the surrounding areas are grouped together based on the qualities they share. This is called taxonomy.
It goes without saying that for fishes to live in the Antarctic oceans, they must have certain traits that make them strong enough to thrive in the cold water. This explains how fish in the antarctic oceans are different from those found in the normal oceans. These fishes are known to have fat deposits, as well as low bone density. It is these traits that make fishes strong enough to maintain their depth without losing strength.
These are also the traits that prevent the bodily fluids of the fishes, as well as, their blood from freezing. It is because of these qualities that fishes have been able to thrive in the seawater of the Antarctic. Now, the important question is “how do researchers collect information about different species of fishes and how exactly do they know the traits of these fishes? As mentioned before, it isn’t possible for researchers to conduct research on marine life manually, which leaves them with only one option—use satellite-based images to collect images of the fishes and other species in the Antarctic region. They have been able to collect high-resolution and 3D images of the fishes with GIS.