To learn more about ocean biodiversity and shark behavior, it is important to implement a technology that could help you track the movements of sharks and other fisheries in the ocean. The main purpose of scientists for tracking the behavioral pattern of the shark and identifying their survival conditions is to know in what environments these species survive. One such technology that has been gaining immense popularity in aquatics and marine life tracking is GIS (geographic information system). With the help of satellite imagery, it has now become possible for scientists and researchers to collect in-depth information on different species of fish in the marine.
Not only does the technology help you track the shark, but it allows new scientific discoveries that tell you a lot about the ways you can conserve sharks and other fish species. If you have already been studying aquatic life, you must already be aware of the Global Shark Movement Project (GSMP) which consists of more than 40 research teams in over 100 institutes and across 26 nations in the world.
These teams work with researchers and scientists in discovering new shark species, getting a count of the shark present in different oceans, and recording the data collected by the remote sensing tools into a single database. The main purpose of the technology is to understand the behavior of the shark, research fisheries science, and come up with advanced conservation techniques to protect them.
Why is Shark Tracker Used? And, How Can it Help?
A large number of shark species are harvested annually without an effective plan for the management of this fish. Sharks happen to be the most vulnerable marine animals out there. Because of their slow aging and late age of maturity, they are at a high risk of exploitation. So far, the biggest problem with the tracking of species is the lack of access to adequate technology and tools that can enable scientists to identify the vulnerability of the fish on a larger scale. Today, with the advancement in technology, it has now become possible to use satellite imagery for tracking sharks and identifying their responses to changing environments. This makes it easier for researchers to understand where they need to focus their conservational techniques and which oceans need to be conserved.
Another tool that has been used for shark tracking purposes is electronic tags. These are implemented on the sharks, allowing researchers to track their movements, learn about their behavior physiology, and conduct in-depth research on the environment based on the sharks' movements and habitat. This includes tracking the number of sharks in the ocean, including the ones on and beneath the surface of the water. The electronic tags do not only tell scientists about the shark and their counts, but it shows the temperature and depths of the water. Basically, it gives them a clear picture of the environment in which these marine mammals are surviving. That’s how GIS is used for tracking sharks and their movements.