Agricultural pollution, a problem that affects the air, soil, and water quality, has become one of the common issues in this industry. Farmers are implementing different techniques to ensure healthier production, but there are certain factors that are not in their control. For example, weather and temperature fluctuations can have a significant impact on crop productivity. Other factors such as improper utilisation of fertilizers and pesticides can damage crops’ health and make them unfit for use.
These factors can also lead to agricultural pollution, destroying the land and agricultural resources. The pollution occurs due to nitrogen release into the atmosphere, a condition that can wreak havoc on the agricultural ecosystem. GIS (geographic information system) helps you discover the level of nitrogen in the oxygen, making it easier for you to plan the production and the use of fertilizers accordingly. The effective utilization of pesticides and fertilizers can enhance your crop productivity, reducing the pollution level and making your field fit for crop cultivation.
GIS Application in the Agricultural Pollution
Studies show that the misuse of fertilizers and livestock manure are the main reasons for agricultural pollution. While there are a few ways you can control the pollution and make your crop healthier for consumption, these techniques work only when you get the measurements right. It is important to know how much and what type of crops are most suitable for the particular piece of land and how will the weather affect productivity. You also need to know the fertilizers and pesticides required for effective and accurate management of the land.
GIS has gained popularity as one of the best decision-making tools for all types of professionals – whether you are an entrepreneur or a farmer. The GIS tools help you with the collection, visualization, organizing, and management of a huge database related to the agricultural operation.
Control Agricultural Pollution with the Geographic Information System
In simple words, the technology gives you a birds-eye view of the entire agricultural field, thus making it easier for you to decide on the suitable crops, production levels, and estimated revenue. This is done by installing remote sensors on the machinery and agricultural equipment. These sensors are also installed on the satellites, giving you a clear picture of the land and how well it is utilized for crop production.
Based on the data collection, farmers can improve the quality of production by implementing appropriate cultivation techniques. Most importantly, the data gives them information about the land and how suitable it is for cultivation. You can use this information to select the fertilizers and farming technology for better results. Now that you have an extensive database for the agricultural field, it will be a lot easier to work on the factors that might lead to agricultural pollution and implement technologies to streamline the production activity.
The major advantage of the implementation of the GIS in the agricultural industry is that it helps you keep a record base that can be used for a faster and smoother decision making process.