How GIS Helps with Plant Hardiness

Plant hardiness refers to the capability of varying types of plants to grow in diverse conditions. It shows the sturdiness of a plant and how strong it is. A few factors that are extensively considered to determine the hardiness of a plant include climatic conditions, drought, flood, and other such natural calamities. The harder the plant, the more it is likely to handle the rough weather seamlessly. The GIS mapping can be used to check the plant’s hardiness across different agricultural lands. It is one of the reliable and efficient ways to identify a plant’s hardiness and give policymakers a clear understanding of how certain factors affect the growth of a plant. The main purpose is to help people get insights into the areas that make an excellent choice for plant growth. The policymakers come to a decision after evaluating the layers of data included in the GIS mapping. This comprehensive report is developed after collecting insights into the current weather condition in the target area, soil quality, irrigation system, and cultivation techniques. These factors give farmers a better idea of the potential of a plant’s growth in a particular field and how likely these plants are to grow in that area. Hardiness Zone - What is it? A hardiness zone refers to a specific area where the climatic conditions and the quality of soil are measured in order to identify the potential of a plant’s growth. You must have heard of one such GIS-based map developed by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), which currently includes a total of 13 zones. The hardy zone of a plant describes its ability to survive certain climatic or environmental conditions. It can be used to figure out the plant’s potential to grow if the temperature of the weather goes beyond a certain degree. This data is, then, widely used to gather more details about the areas where the plant’s growth is suitable. A Brief on USDA As mentioned above, the USDA system happens to be the first and most popular plant hardiness evaluating tool that gives accurate data about the plant’s hardiness and its growth potential. The system was mainly developed to assist gardeners in improving their landscapes. There are many factors that decide whether or not the plant has the ability to grow in a specific area. To put it in simple words, plant hardiness is a popular term in the agricultural industry that is largely used by farmers to identify which plants have the ability to grow in a specific environment and condition. They use it to know whether the plant can survive in the given climate or a location. This helps researchers and decision-makers make changes to the agricultural techniques in order to ensure that plants thrive in the given area without any damage. Based on the GIS mapping, one can know which area is suitable for plant’ growth and what changes can be done in the given land to protect the crops from damages.