How GIS is Used in Precision Farming?

Abhijeet Modi/ August 9, 2021/ Blog

GIS stands for Geographic Information System, a technology that’s dominating the agricultural sector recently. It supports a visual representation of the information, making it easier for farmers to make sound decisions. By combining the software and hardware, the technology produces valuable and informative data on a single map.

If you use more comprehensive GIS technology, you will be able to analyze and compare a wide range of agricultural factors, such as soil, wind direction, weather, aspect, and so on. Based on these factors, a farmer can get a better understanding of the crop’s health and the estimated yield. In a nutshell, GIS can help farmers understand different aspects of agriculture and maximize their crop production seamlessly.

How can GIS be Used for Precision Farming?

There are many ways you can use GIS for precision farming. For example, the most common way to get a detailed view of the land is with the help of drones and manned aircraft. The main goal of this technology is to help improve the quality and quantity of the crops produced annually and provide people with the best nutrition. There is no denying that the natural factors that affect agriculture cannot be controlled. For example, humans have no control over the weather and how it affects the production of crops.

But, the least we can do is use this data to analyze the condition of the crops and make the best of farming. Take soil erosion or flood, for example. You can’t control erosion, but earlier detection of these natural disasters can help you take preventive measures to protect your crops. With the help of GIS, you can learn about the weather and the climate for the next few months. Based on this data, you can set up necessary measures to manage the crops or harvest them before a disaster strikes.

Precision Farming to Save Fertilizers

Precision GIS technology is extensively used to save fertilizer. In addition, drones, as well as satellites, can gather information about the current weather, vegetation, topography, and other factors that might affect crops and yields. This data is, then, transferred to the agricultural maps, which makes it easier for farmers to make better and accurate decisions. The major benefit of precision farming is that it reduces the use of fertilizer. It helps farmers save substantially on fertilizer while protecting the environment from excess use of chemicals.

These chemicals can ruin the quality of crops if uses excessively. With precision farming, you will only apply fertilizer wherever needed. The machines used in the GIS collect data about the crops and help farmers identify the areas that need nutrition. Farmers who implement precision farming can easily save up to $15 per acre of farming, which is pretty huge. The amount of water and nutrition given to the crops have a direct impact on their growth. For example, too much or too little water can ruin the crops in the long run. That’s why it is important that you use GIS for precision farming for the best results.

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