Irrigation and GIS

More than 70% of the freshwater in the world is withdrawn and used for crop production purposes. However, water resources are finite and they must be used carefully so that the farmers get fresh and high-quality water for irrigation. There has always been an imbalance in the water demand and water supply. So, for effective planning and better management of the water resources, it has become super important for farmers to collect and organize the data about the farming practices to make better and informed agricultural decisions. Not only for the better use of the water resources, but this information is quite important for smoother management of the land. GIS (geographic information system) is one of the modern methods that have been widely used for designing, forecasting, and implementing the latest technologies in the agricultural industry. The GIS coupled with remote sensing is seen as the modern way to survey irrigation methods and monitor water resources efficiently. These are often used as the analytical tools that give farmers detailed insights into the land, crop quality, and the best irrigation technique that can bring the best results for the farmers. Why GIS in the Irrigation? When there are limited resources, their optimal utilization is a must. Farmers need to invest in the right technologies to ensure proper and safe use of the available resources. This can be achieved with planning and decision making. We live in a world where technology has progressed to a point where the collection and organization of data in usable formats can help people make informed decisions about agriculture. GIS is one such technology that has enabled farmers to visualize the farm output and make important decisions based on the data collected from the remote sensors. These sensors are installed on the machines and farm equipment, giving you a detailed view of the land and the crop condition. It is because of the GIS that farmers are now capable of making better decisions and using the land in the most effective way. The technology produces maps in usable formats, providing you with clear insights into the condition of the land and how it must be used for better production. There is no denying that GIS has proven to be one of the effective and modern tools in the crop production industry since it gives farmers access to the most crucial data. It leads to better planning and management of the resources. How is it Used for Irrigation? We have mentioned how geographic information systems can be useful for effective farm management, but what exactly does it do for the irrigation system? For starters, GIS-based applications are known for processing, analyzing, and displaying data in a clear format. For any technology, it is assumed that the system is a combination of the relevant hardware and software tools used for accessing and gathering the necessary data. However, it is totally different for the GIS. It involves people, the right methodologies, and remote sensors for better data management.