The argument from fallacy has got many names. It is known as the fallacy, the bad reasons fallacy, argument to logic or argumentum ad logicam, and the fallacy’s fallacy.
The argument from fallacy states that a research’s conclusion will be flawed because its argument contains a fallacy. This assumption of the conclusion being wrong can render the research invalid, which is undoubtedly not a justified thing to do. If such an error happens in a legal setting like a court case, the complainant can suffer from losing the case because of this fallacy’s erroneous decision.
The form of Argument from Fallacy
The form of the argument from fallacy looks like this:
If P is an argument, then Q is a conclusion.
Since P has a fallacy, Q is false.
Examples of Argument from Fallacy
Objection: While objecting to a statement, fallacy works this way:
Argument 1: I speak French, so I am a French national.
Argument 2: Many people from various parts of the world who were under French rule can speak French too. Your argument has a flaw. So, you are not French.
The truth is - Whether a person is French or not is decided by the Citizenship and Identity proofs like Passport. A French-speaking person may or may not be a French national. So, completely disagreeing that a person is French is a wrong decision.
What is the use of Argument from Fallacy?
The argument from Fallacy is quite useful in invalidating any evidence or witness. It is also employed to attack any person by highlighting the flaw in the speaker’s statements. The argument from Fallacy happens to be one of the most potent tools that the advocates use while defending the cases in the court of law.
Steps to counter the fallacy
It is very crucial to counter the fallacy as it can help avoid making wrong decisions about people or situations. Here are some steps involved:
- Identify its use in argument. The counter attacker must be able to identify that the argument is a fallacy. He should object to the overemphasis of the fallacious argument to ensure that the decision-makers’ thinking remains unaffected.
- Once identified, attack this argument with appropriate support of logical explanations and evidence, which may include:
- Come with reasoning why the statement is fallacious: Provide the proof to the reviewing authority why the argument is fallacious does not affect the sanctity of conclusion, or that both are not or very vaguely related.
- Address the flaw in the original statement: It is advisable to point out the flaw in the argument, and affirm that the flaw does not weaken the conclusion’s truthfulness.
- Explain if the original statement is flawless: When the attempt is made to destroy the original statement by a fallacious argument, the strength and logic of the correct argument should be amplified and separated cleanly from the fallacious argument.
The fallacy in an argument cannot be the basis to render the conclusion as a faulty one. It is possible to attack the wrong argument to keep the sanctity of the conclusion intact. Identification and addressing of fallacy are essential for doing so.