GIS (Geographic Information System) is extensively used for site investigation. The technology helps researchers and archaeologists develop site models and analyze site activities to get a better understanding of the relation of different sites to ancient archaeology. The major purpose of the preliminary site investigation is to employ GIS technology for analyzing the site and developing the site model.
The model then keeps getting better as the researchers gather more information about different sites and add it into the current models. It mainly includes the hydrologic, geologic, and historical data. The site investigation is done in order to find out the barriers that may impact the performance of the project in the future. For example, a thorough preliminary site investigation has been considered a viable option for establishing weak soils, potential geological hazards that are highly likely to occur in the future, environmental hazards, and unstable slopes.
Fewer Chances of Errors
Early detection of these barriers can reduce the risk of errors on the site after the layout is completed and the construction project is over. It prevents costly mistakes in construction. Not only does it prevent the potential problems, but with effective preliminary site investigation, it is possible for architects and researchers to incorporate the latest trends into the site design and make it better and more effective.
These projects are used for public and private construction projects that involve a large sum of investment from the government or corporate parties. The GIS tools are used to conduct a thorough site investigation, get a clear picture of the land, and plan various site activities. The question is, how can GIS be used in the preliminary site investigation? Or, what exactly does this technology do to make the site investigation successful?
Uses of GIS in Site Investigation
Now that we know the reasons site investigations are conducted and how they can save you tons of money on the construction projects, the question arises, “what is the role of the GIS in these investigation projects”? Here are the four ways GIS can help you with site investigation.
- Date integration
- Data analysis and visualization
- Creating a summary of the site activities
- Data presentation
GIS is used for combining the existing data sets with data-specific tools, such as CAD files. That’s how the site model of the specific area is created, giving you a clear and detailed view of the site in question. It also helps you know whether or not the particular land is a perfect fit for your construction applications and if you should continue with your building projects.
This information also shows you the signs of environmental hazards and the potential damages that are likely to occur on the sites. The data can be used to create a full map of the site. GIS is not only used for collecting information about the site, but the technology integrates the data into the site and makes it better. Data presentation is another big advantage to using GIS for site investigation. It allows you to create layouts in easy-to-understand formats.