Airport construction planning is a comprehensive approach that must be in line with the state’s guidelines. Effective airport planning does not only involve proper management of the airport but several factors must be taken into consideration to ensure safe aircraft operations.
You must have noticed the runway protection zone that starts at the end of the runway and acts as the area designed for the protection of people and property on the ground in the event of an emergency landing. If an aircraft crashes or lands incorrectly on the ground, it should land on this additional runway portion. Keep reading to learn more about the runway approach zone encroachment and how GIS is used in ensuring safe runway operations.
What is the Extended Runway Zone? How is it Used?
The area could extend 1000 feet beyond the runway and is usually 300 feet wide. Another purpose of this extended runway zone is to provide a safe place for aircraft take-off operations. With the help of GIS tools and remote-sensing software, airport authorities have been able to pinpoint the obstructions on the runway that could interfere with the flight landing and take-off procedures.
In order to ensure safe aircraft operations, the airport authorities implement GIS technology to identify the possible obstructions that can cause collisions and other problems with the landing. The primary goal of the technology is to scan the runway thoroughly and identify the smallest obstacles that can create a problem in aircraft operations. The airport crew uses detailed elevation data to prevent collisions.
The runways consist of several lines that indicate where the aircraft has to stop when approaching a runway. Although the aircraft land safely in most cases, there is a chance the aircraft might take an emergency landing, which is why the extended runway is designed during the airport construction planning. As mentioned earlier, this additional space is usually empty and doesn’t see any action most of the time. But, in case of emergency take-offs and landings, this space proves helpful. The GIS tools are also used in calculating the right elevation for the aircraft.
Uses of GIS in the Aviation Industry
In addition to the identification of obstacles on the runway and establishing a perfect height for the take-offs, GIS has many applications in the aviation industry. The technology is widely used in identifying the obstacles in the air. It also helps in navigation. Once the flight takes off, the pilots and the crew use GIS for navigation.
Since the pilot doesn’t have any contact with the ground, it is harder for them to navigate the route without a detailed map of the area. They follow the GIS map and navigation tools to find out the safest routes to the target area. It also helps them follow the safest route to the target destination. GIS also helps in air traffic management. The maps are used to construct airports, the buildings around airports, and other commercial and residential properties.