Sea Ice Index: What is it Used for?

The Antarctic oceans are now available on digital maps, making it possible for scientists and researchers to analyze the size of the lakes, the structure of the surrounding oceans, and wildlife in the area. These were only to name a few. You can perform in-depth research regarding sea ice, how often it is likely to melt, how it flows, and other such details. The detailed and 3D images of the sea ice index are derived from geographic information system technology. The data shows you the sea ice concentration, as well as, the possible anomalies. The question is, what is the sea ice index used for, why do researchers collect images of the sea ice, and what impact does it have on the arctic and antarctic oceans?

There is no denying that the sea ice index is used extensively for providing researchers with a deep look at the changes taking place in the Antarctic ocean. It has become a popular source of consistent and the most up-to-date information regarding the sea ice extent. The tool provides you with this data in PNG format. Over the past few decades, researchers have come up with many advanced techniques to perform in-depth research on the sea ice index.

Use of Sea Ice Index

The arctic and antarctic ocean structures are completely different, making it a must for researchers to deploy efficient techniques for in-depth research on these areas. Earlier, measuring the changes occurring in the antarctic ocean was not even an option because of the lack of technology. Measuring the area covered with snow and its impact on the Antarctic Ocean, as well as, the surrounding region was a big goal for researchers. Traditional methods did provide some insights into the size and area of the ocean, but these were often not enough when it came to analyzing the in-depth structure of the oceans and lakes beneath them. That’s where the GIS (geographic information system) comes into the picture.

GIS and Sea Ice Index

Ever since the technology launched, it provided researchers with the most reliable and cost-effective way of capturing high-resolution and 3D images of the Antarctic ocean, giving them detailed insights into the sea ice index. It has become possible to measure changes occurring in the Antarctic ocean.

The best part about the technology is that the images are generated in a consistent form, making the index series suitable for use, especially when you look at the long-term sea trends. In addition to analyzing the snow-covered area, the sea ice index has helped researchers identify the long-term trends in the sea ice cover. Not only does it give you detailed insights into the changes in the sea ice trends, but the technology shows you the wildlife in the area, the length of each subglacial lake present right beneath the ocean, the thickness of the ice, and the speed at which it is melting. Based on this information, researchers make predictions about how the Antarctic ocean will look in the future.