Search and Rescue: SAR Operations with GIS

In events related to search and rescue, it is important that professionals have the necessary information about the event so that they can perform SAR operations efficiently. These operations involve various parties that use different varieties of tools to ensure safe and efficient management. Basically, search and rescue refer to the series of actions that people from specific organizations or groups take for the protection of people.

This information must be presented in a clear and understandable format so that people can have a better understanding of how to carry out search and rescue efficiently. It involves visualization on maps. The question is how can GIS be used for SAR operations, what role does it play in helping the volunteer teams find out the missing, and what can the technology do to rescue people? In this post, we will find out how this spatial technology is used for all types of search and rescue operations.

How GIS Helps in Search and Rescue Operations?

The main purpose of GIS (geographic information system) in SAR operations is to carry out planning, coordination, and necessary decisions. Just like other applications of GIS, the technology gives you a detailed and clear map of the area being affected or places where victims are stuck. The information from different sources is collected in a single map, giving you a detailed guide of which areas have been searched and which are yet to be searched. The most important use of the technology is in keeping track of the rescuers.

The primary goal of the technology is to visualize the area where there is a high possibility of a missing person being stuck. This further helps researchers and the team of rescuers to narrow down their search to the selected areas. There is no denying that GIS happens to be one of the most promising approaches when it comes to searching for the victims and rescuing them. The technology is used for combining a variety of tools that help you conduct search and rescue operations easily, identify points of interest, and handle all types of teams and their missions. You could write detailed operation logs and detect each movement of the rescue team easily. That’s how visual maps and the geographic information system helps you plan your search and rescue operations in the most efficient way possible.

You will find a wide range of commercial applications and SAR tools designed specifically for these operations. You could use these applications for tracking the current position of the fleet and movement of the rescue team so that help can be sent when needed. GIS has become an indispensable component of SAR operations. The satellite-based images do a lot more than generate pictures of the areas, which remain inaccessible to people. Search and rescue is not only for people, but it refers to the marine life in arctic and antarctic oceans. In order to know the species and understand the relation of their movement with the sea ice, researchers deploy GIS-based tools.