Stone Tools: What are they and How are They Used for Archaeological Experiments?

Stone tools is the term used to define any kind of tool made either fully or partially from natural stones. Some of these tools are associated with the historical cultures that have gone extinct today. In order to make stone tools, researchers and architects need to discover the areas that are most suitable for making clay pottery, as well as stone tools. The study includes in-depth research on the lithic materials, hydrology, water resources, drainage basin floodplains, and other factors used for the manufacturing of the stone tools. GIS or geographic information system, a technology used for analyzing spatial data and collecting archaeological information, has been used as the primary technology for evaluating the most suitable lands for finding stone tools and clay pottery. The technology helps architects in the investigation of the land, detect any potential hazard that might occur within the particular space in the future, and decide whether or not the land makes perfect for stone tools. A thorough investigation is mandatory before an architect can start working on the given site. That’s because these tools are linked to ancient times, and their manufacturing involves data about hydrology and lithic materials. Stone Tools Experiments and Research with the Help of GIS Over the past few years, many projects have proved the authenticity of the GIS in studying the stone tool uses and its application in site investigation projects. The question is, why do people analyze stone tools? And, why is this data essential? The main purpose of making stone tools is to link the current technology with the past evolution and understand how human behavior and decisions in the past few decades have played a significant role in the evolution of landscapes. However, the application of stone tools is not only limited to identifying the evolution patterns. GIS is used for mapping these stone tools and analyzing the data to identify the damaged patterns and discover more about the archeological evolution. An Insight into the Archaeological Evolution with Stone Tools Using stone tools for research and experiments is quite a challenging process for archeologists since these tools are highly likely to get dull and worn out when employed for research. The research of these tools includes experiments, which are conducted in a similar way as they were performed in the past. These tools are evaluated thoroughly and the data collected is stored in the GIS software applications for a better analysis of the spatial data. During the experiments, the archeologists study the stone tools, as well as clay pottery thoroughly. They check and record the scars on these tools, polishes, and other elements that could help them track the making of these tools. It gives architects and researchers a clear picture of the technologies and tools used in ancient times for the making of stone tools. It also gives us insight into the evolution we have witnessed in the archaeological and technological sector in the past few decades.