Many environmental changes and temperature fluctuation play a significant role in the life of aquatic animals, as well as, their habitat. There is no denying that several factors are responsible for the diminishing population of fish in the oceans.
Whether it is the sudden fluctuations in the weather or increasing pollution, a lot of factors pose threat to the life of these aquatic animals. Take overfishing, for example. Nowadays, people have started using vehicles and machines that collect hundreds of thousands of fish species in one attempt. You can only imagine how many unnecessary animals are captured in the net.
Stress in Fish
Not only do they get stuck, but these animals are injured so badly that their survival chances are quite slim even if they are dropped back into the water. Similarly, there are other factors that put the lives of fish at risk. That’s why stress monitoring is important. It helps researchers and scientists identify the areas that need to be assessed for proper evaluation of the health of these species and the factors putting them at risk of injury and death.
The most popular causes of stress in fish are human exploitation, habitat alteration, and most importantly water pollution. These factors contaminate not only the water but the aquatic animals living within the ocean. As a result, they end up getting either injured or dead. It also explains the sudden increase in fish extinction. Overcrowding is another cause linked to stress in fish and other aquatic animals.
How does GIS Help?
Coming to the important question, how exactly is the stressor determined? Or, how can you know what factors are causing stress in fish and other marine animals? Thanks to the GIS (geographic information system). This geospatial tool helps in identifying the causes of stress in fish and the leading factors causing destruction in aquatic life. These tools include satellite images, which give researchers a detailed and clear picture of the areas that are inaccessible to humans. Basically, the areas that you can’t explore manually can be easily examined with the help of geospatial remote-sensing tools.
In fact, the technology has advanced to a stage where it has become possible to collect 3D pictures of aquatic animals, as well as, the land. Not only does the GIS give you a clear picture of marine life, but it shows you the factors that are affecting the population of fish, the types of fish species in the water, and their habitat. Based on these reports, you can come up with plans to conserve fish and ensure their protection from habitat destruction and other environmental factors. Researchers can also take the best steps to control water pollution and preserve fish species from any sort of damage and injury due to environmental hazards.
Put it this way, it is much easier to identify the factors affecting the life and population of fish and other aquatic animals with the help of GIS. These geospatial tools have helped researchers identify the best strategies for fish conservation.