The Role of GIS in Water Stress

Climate fluctuations and water stress are two of the most important factors that play a significant role in maintaining a crop’s health. The crop’s growth is mainly influenced by the water availability and irrigation methods used for watering the plants. Water deficit can cause a loss of productivity. The stricter laws in the agricultural industry have made the use of advanced technology for irrigation a must for all farmers. One such technology that has been gaining immense popularity in the agricultural industry is the GIS (geographic information system). There is no doubt that this technology helps present spatial data in an organized form, giving you a better understanding of the water resources and the measures that could be taken for its management. The GIS helps farmers achieve precision farming, which is one of the most reliable ways of managing water resources effectively. The goal is to strike a balance between the water withdrawal and its supply. This is usually done after taking a few relevant factors into consideration. For example, the type of crops you have grown, the total land you have covered, the estimated harvest quantity, and so on. Why Water Resource Management is Important? As water scarcity is becoming the next big concern for farmers, it goes without saying that it’s high time people started embracing the advanced techniques to manage water resources. The uses of GIS go beyond water management for the agricultural industry. The technology can be used to gather information about the amount of water that needs to be managed, how the depleting water supply can be dealt with, and what does healthy management of water resources actually means. By improving the methods of irrigation, one can ensure higher productivity and precision farming. Plus, it helps achieve a greater level of efficiency with minimal loss. In order to ensure water availability as and when required for all farmers, the government is focussing more on precision farming. As mentioned earlier, precision farming helps you manage your agricultural resources in an effective way. GIS is used to collect the data related to crop production, process this information, and implement it in your agricultural field to ensure maximum productivity. So, how exactly does the GIS help with water management and how can it be used for making the irrigation techniques more efficient and reliable. GIS and Water Resource Management GPS collects signals from the satellites to identify the climate conditions, crops’ quality, and other aspects of agriculture. This data is collected and stored in the GIS, which is used by the farmers to make informed agricultural decisions about farming. The technology combined this data with the facts to help you with better resource management. It also makes it easier to assess the quality of the land and crop efficiently. Remote sensing technology already has a big impact on water resource management. Geospatial technologies have proven to be an effective way of assessing underground water and handling water shortages.