Archeological site preservation helps you protect the historical artifacts and other valuables available within the site. This can be done with the help of new technology like GIS (geographic information system). These tools help you discover new avenues, providing you with a new perspective on how to conserve the archeological sites. In fact, archaeologists happen to be the first to identify the power of GIS applications in this industry and implement these tools into their archeology site discovery and protection applications.
They began using the technology in the 1980s. As technology is progressing, GIS tools have become more popular in the archaeology world. It has now become possible for people to visualize the ancient areas and conduct deep research on the popular historical places to understand how archeology has evolved and what measures can help you protect these sites.
GIS and Archaeological Site Preservation
With the help of GIS and other such modern tools, one can discover information about the landscape, the past inhabitants of the area, the agricultural relevance of the site, and other crucial information. Take Arizona’s Santa Cruz County, for example. Archeologists knew that this area once had a lot of population. They were sure that they could find more information about the place if they knew where exactly to look. The archeologists believed that some of these ancient sites could be declared as the National Heritage Areas if they were discovered with the GIS mapping tools.
This also includes the use of Multiple Criteria Evaluation (MCE) to connect geology, hydrology, and other aspects affecting the environment with water to get a better understanding of the land in question. Not only does it help in predicting the archeological sites, but this information plays a crucial role in showing you the ways you can preserve your land. The archeologists use remote sensing technology to gather valuable information about the site and identify whether or not it can be declared as a national heritage place.
One of the main reasons for using GIS in archaeology is to protect the site from further damage and preserve the artifacts and other materials that could be used for the development of the area and discover more information about the place. Being a destructive force, there is no way you can restore a historical site to its original version. So, in order to keep collecting information from the site, it is important to maintain the area and keep it to its best standards.
Protecting the site from weather damages is the most important part of preserving your archaeological site from potential damages. The best way to ensure the protection of these sites is by deploying a risk management plan where you can identify the risks associated with these sites and the susceptibility of the land. With the help of remote sensing tools, one can identify the possible fluctuations in the weather so that the archaeologists can take necessary actions to preserve the land from these damages. The technology is also used to identify the areas exposed to major risks.